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Title: Application of the triple helix model in the revitalisation of cities: the case of Brazil

Authors: Josep Miquel Pique; Francesc Miralles; Clarissa Stefani Teixeira; Jadhi Vincki Gaspar; José Roberto Branco Ramos Filho

Addresses: Innova Institute, La Salle – Ramon Llull University, Sant Joan de La Salle, 42, 08022, Barcelona, Spain ' Innova Institute, La Salle – Ramon Llull University, Sant Joan de La Salle, 42, 08022, Barcelona, Spain ' Department of Knowledge Engineering, Federal University of Santa Catarina – UFSC, Campus Universitário Reitor João David Ferreira Lima, 88040-900, Trindade, Florianópolis, Santa Catarina, Brazil ' Department of Knowledge Engineering, Federal University of Santa Catarina – UFSC, Campus Universitário Reitor João David Ferreira Lima, 88040-900, Trindade, Florianópolis, Santa Catarina, Brazil ' Instituto de Engenharia e Geociências, Federal University of West Pará – UFOPA, Campus Tapajós, 68035-110, R. Vera Paz, s/n, Salé, Santarém, Pará, Brazil

Abstract: A new trend in urban projects has risen around a common problem: old urban spaces are losing most of their productive capabilities and becoming obsolete. In most cases, these spaces are revitalised by transforming them in knowledge based development areas. The aim of this paper is to understand how these transformation projects are developed. After reviewing the theoretical framework of the triple helix model and knowledge based urban development, using a multiple case approach, we analyse four Brazilian cities that are in the process of urban revitalization: Porto Digital in the city of Recife; Porto Maravilha in Rio de Janeiro; 4° Distrito in Porto Alegre; and Centro Sapiens in Florianópolis. The 22@Barcelona project, a world reference of brownfield transformations, is used as a control case. The findings shed light on how universities, government and industry, with the society and environment contribute to the urban, economic, social and governance transformation.

Keywords: Brazilian cities; 22@Barcelona; urban revitalisation; urban transformation; urban renewal; knowledge-based economy; innovation districts; creativity districts; triple helix; knowledge-based urban development; Brazil; ecosystems of innovation.

DOI: 10.1504/IJKBD.2019.098230

International Journal of Knowledge-Based Development, 2019 Vol.10 No.1, pp.43 - 74

Received: 07 Aug 2017
Accepted: 26 Feb 2018

Published online: 28 Feb 2019 *

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