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Title: Experimental investigation and optimisation of ultrasonic machining parameters on zirconia composite

Authors: Jarjis Hasan Biswas; Jagadish; Amitava Ray

Addresses: Department of Mechanical Engineering, National Institute of Technology, Silchar, 788010, Assam, India ' Department of Mechanical Engineering, National Institute of Technology, Raipur-492010, Chhattisgarh, India ' Department of Mechanical Engineering, Jalpaiguri Government Engineering College, Jalpaiguri, 735102 West Bengal, India

Abstract: This paper presents an experimental investigation to study the influence of ultrasonic machining (USM) parameters (such as slurry concentration, power and feed rate) on material removal rate, taper angle and over-cut during the machining of zirconia (ZrO2) composite. The experiments are conducted on the basis of Taguchi (L9) orthogonal array and multi-objective optimisation on basis of ratio analysis (MOORA) is applied for optimisation of USM process parameters. Parametric analysis is also carried out to study the effect of each process parameters on the responses. Moreover, surface quality of the machined surface is analysed using optimal microscope images. In addition, empirical models are developed for optimum prediction of responses using regression analysis. Finally, confirmatory tests are performed to verify results with experimental results. The result shows that, the material removal rate is influenced by feed rate, and the taper angle and over-cut are influenced by slurry concentration. Also, optimisation method provides optimum parameter setting for USM process that satisfies the real need for machining of ZrO2 composite in practice.

Keywords: ultrasonic; zirconia; ZrO2; machinability; Taguchi; MOORA; optimisation.

DOI: 10.1504/IJMMM.2019.098071

International Journal of Machining and Machinability of Materials, 2019 Vol.21 No.1/2, pp.115 - 137

Received: 05 Mar 2018
Accepted: 19 Jun 2018

Published online: 21 Feb 2019 *

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