Title: Flow simulation over a triangular labyrinth side weir in a rectangular channel

Authors: Ali Naghi Ziaei; Neda S.R. Nikou; Ali Beyhaghi; Fatemeh Attarzadeh; Saeed Reza Khodashenas

Addresses: Department of Water Science and Engineering, Ferdowsi University of Mashhad, Mashhad, Iran ' Department of Water Science and Engineering, Ferdowsi University of Mashhad, Mashhad, Iran ' Department of Water Science and Engineering, Ferdowsi University of Mashhad, Mashhad, Iran ' Department of Water Science and Engineering, Ferdowsi University of Mashhad, Mashhad, Iran ' Department of Water Science and Engineering, Ferdowsi University of Mashhad, Mashhad, Iran

Abstract: Labyrinth side weirs are used as regulator outlets in river diversion structures , water conveyance systems and sewer networks . Herein , the flow around triangular labyrinth side weir with three different included angles (θ = 45 , 60 and 90°) were numerically studied . The 3D RANS equations were solved and VOF method was implemented for free-surface tracking . Different boundary conditions and geometric dimensions were examined and their results were compared with experimental data. Different two-equation turbulence models were implemented. The water depth profiles and overflow discharge were compared with experimental results. The root mean square error of simulated water depth profile using standard k-ε model was less than 1 mm. The diverted water discharge was computed with relative error less than 0.7%. The discharge of the labyrinth side weir was 1.7, 1.33 and 1.25 times the discharge of an equivalent normal side weir for θ = 45 , 60 and 90°, respectively.

Keywords: numerical modelling; boundary conditions; discharge coefficient; flow pattern; CFD.

DOI: 10.1504/PCFD.2019.097599

Progress in Computational Fluid Dynamics, An International Journal, 2019 Vol.19 No.1, pp.22 - 34

Accepted: 30 Apr 2017
Published online: 29 Jan 2019 *

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