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Title: Synthesis of high surface area boehmite and alumina by using walnut shell as template

Authors: Asghar Zamani; Ahmad Poursattar Marjani; Nasim Abdollahpour

Addresses: Nanotechnology Research Center, Urmia University, Urmia 57154, Urmia, Iran ' Department of Organic Chemistry, Faculty of Chemistry, Urmia University, Urmia, Iran ' Department of Organic Chemistry, Faculty of Chemistry, Urmia University, Urmia, Iran

Abstract: In the present study high surface area amorphous boehmite and γ-alumina were synthesised using walnut shell as template. This green, simple and useful synthetic protocol was based on the precipitation of aluminium hydroxide as the source of aluminium on biomass in an aqueous phase followed by calcination. The influence of walnut shell was evaluated by varying the calcination atmosphere. N2 adsorption/desorption porosimetry exhibited high surface area for boehmite and γ-alumina. Furthermore, the pore size and surface area of these mesoporous materials can be adjusted by varying the experimental conditions. Additionally, boehmite was studied as the support of vanadium catalyst for the oxidation of alcohols by hydrogen peroxide. We have found that resulting V-loaded material act as an effective catalytic system for the oxidation of a wide range of alcohols in 1,4-dioxane. The catalyst can be recovered and reused four times without loss of activity.

Keywords: green chemistry; biomass; walnut shell; alumina; boehmite; nanostructures; surface area; textural properties; catalysis; vanadium; oxidation; alcohols.

DOI: 10.1504/IJNBM.2019.097588

International Journal of Nano and Biomaterials, 2019 Vol.8 No.1, pp.1 - 14

Received: 24 Mar 2017
Accepted: 26 Feb 2018

Published online: 25 Jan 2019 *

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