Authors: Mohammed El Amine Fekair; Abderrahmane Lakas; Ahmed Korichi; Nasreddine Lagraa
Addresses: Computer Science Department, University of Ouargla, Route de Ghardaia, BP 511, 30000 Ouargla, Algeria ' College of Information Technology, UAE University, P.O. Box 15551, Al-Ain, UAE ' Computer Science Department, University of Ouargla, Route de Ghardaia, BP 511, 30000 Ouargla, Algeria ' Laboratoire d'Informatique et de Mathématiques, University of Laghouat, BP 37G, Route de Ghardaïa, 03000 Laghouat, Algeria
Abstract: Vehicular ad hoc networks (VANET) are gaining popularity for enabling a wide range of applications for road traffic safety, infotainment and road transportation management. For real-time applications to be successfully deployed in VANET, their quality of service (QoS) requirements need to be met. In this paper, we propose a QoS-based routing protocol named FBQoS-Vanet, which accommodates applications with QoS requirements. This protocol uses a bio-inspired artificial bee colony (ABC) approach for discovering routes complying with QoS criteria. We also use fuzzy logic to identify a feasible path among several available ones discovered by ABC. We rely on the evaluation of a composite fuzzy cost expressed in terms of QoS metrics, where the path must satisfy criteria such as: bandwidth, delay, jitter, and link expiry time. The performance results obtained show the benefits of using our scheme for routing various classes of traffic in VANET with different QoS requirements.
Keywords: vehicular ad hoc network; VANET; quality of service; QoS; fuzzy logic; artificial bee colony; ABC; bio-inspired; ad hoc networks.
International Journal of Embedded Systems, 2019 Vol.11 No.1, pp.46 - 59
Available online: 22 Jan 2019 *Full-text access for editors Access for subscribers Free access Comment on this article