Title: The entry into force of the Additional Protocol in the European Union: the new dimension of safeguards in Europe

Authors: Manuel Recio Santamaría, Nuria Prieto

Addresses: Deputy Direction General for Nuclear Energy, Direction General for Energy Policy and Mines Ministry of Industry, Tourism and Trade, Paseo de la Castellana, 160 Madrid 28046, Spain. ' Asesoria Juridica, Direccion de Division Administracion, Enresa, c/Emilio Vargas, 7, Madrid 28043, Spain

Abstract: The Additional Protocol to the Safeguards Agreement with the International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA) has entered into force on 30 April 2004. This completes the implementation in the EU of what undoubtedly represents the most ambitious project undertaken by the IAEA, designed to reinforce its current safeguards system, a project that the international community considers to be a key component strengthening the fight against one of the most serious threats for world security: nuclear proliferation.

Keywords: security; non-proliferation; nuclear safeguards; Additional Protocol; European Union; Safeguards Agreement; nuclear law; International Atomic Energy Agency; IAEA; nuclear proliferation; nuclear weapons.

DOI: 10.1504/IJNUCL.2006.009709

International Journal of Nuclear Law, 2006 Vol.1 No.1, pp.28 - 35

Available online: 06 May 2006 *

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