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Title: Decision support system for type II diabetes and its risk factor prediction using bee-based harmony search and decision tree algorithm

Authors: S. Selvakumar; A. Sheik Abdullah; R. Suganya

Addresses: Department of Computer Science and Engineering, GKM College of Engineering and Technology, Chennai, Tamil Nadu, India ' Department of Information Technology, Thiagarajar College of Engineering, Madurai, Tamil Nadu, India ' Department of Information Technology, Thiagarajar College of Engineering, Madurai, Tamil Nadu, India

Abstract: The objective of this research is to develop a decision support system for the investigation of type II diabetes and its risk factors over the region of specific group of people. A total of 732 cases were collected from a government hospital. Predictive analysis was carried out using bee based harmony search algorithm and C4.5 decision tree algorithm with its splitting criterion. From the experimental results, it has been observed that the risk corresponding to Postprandial Plasma Glucose (PPG), A1c-Glycosylated Haemoglobin, Mean Blood Glucose level (MBG), with a prediction accuracy of about 92.87% respectively. It is estimated that the age group corresponding to 34 to 73 was found more prevalent to the disease. The mathematical model proves that age, PPG and MBG have strong co-relation over data matrix. Hence predictive analytics with swarm intelligence techniques can be deployed over risk identification which reduces treatment analysis.

Keywords: bee based harmony search; data classification; decision support system; decision trees; feature selection; splitting criterion; type II diabetes; optimisation; risk analysis; Z-score normalisation.

DOI: 10.1504/IJBET.2019.096880

International Journal of Biomedical Engineering and Technology, 2019 Vol.29 No.1, pp.46 - 67

Received: 16 Jul 2016
Accepted: 04 Oct 2016

Published online: 03 Dec 2018 *

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