Title: Developing sustainable competitive advantage of a firm through human resource management practices: a competence-based approach

Authors: Marina Latukha; Polina Lisina; Yury Panibratov

Addresses: Graduate School of Management, St. Petersburg State University, Volkhovsky Per. 3, St. Petersburg, 199004, Russia ' Graduate School of Management, St. Petersburg State University, Volkhovsky Per. 3, St. Petersburg, 199004, Russia ' Saint-Petersburg State University of Architecture and Civil Engineering (SPSUACE), 2nd Krasnoarmeiskaya St. 4, St. Petersburg, 190005, Russia

Abstract: The paper aims to investigate the influence of particular human resource management (HRM) roles on the process of achieving different types of sustainable competitive advantage (SCA). We create an empirical model including two parts for testing relationships such as competence-based HRM roles - SCA dimensions, and competence-based HRM. Using survey data from 227 European companies, this study explores how SCA dimensions may be developed through HRM. We argue that to achieve SCA, a company needs to develop competence-based HRM related to identifying and describing core competences. This study advocates that SCA could be assessed by evaluation of the level of development of different competence-based management functions. We prove that competence-based HRM is strongly related to competence management in an organisation and contributes to SCA development.

Keywords: sustainable competitive advantage; SCA; human resource management; HRM; core competence.

DOI: 10.1504/GBER.2019.096855

Global Business and Economics Review, 2019 Vol.21 No.1, pp.96 - 119

Available online: 19 Nov 2018 *

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