Title: An evolutionary-based hybrid approach for simultaneous optimisation of multiple responses in self-propelled rotary turning process

Authors: Thella Babu Rao; Naresh Baki

Addresses: Mechanical Engineering Department, National Institute of Technology Andhra Pradesh, Tadepalligudem – 534 101, Andhra Pradesh, India ' Department of Mechanical Engineering, School of Technology, GITAM University, Hyderabad, 502 329, India

Abstract: This investigation focused on optimisation of self-propelled rotary turning process conditions through an integrated multi-objective optimisation approach. The machining experiments are conducted for machining hardened EN24 (SAE4340) steel with TiN-coated tungsten carbide rotary insert. Two important machining responses such as surface roughness and metal removal rate were measured by varying the machining variables such as depth of cut, inclination angle of the rotary tool, feed rate and spindle speed. To deal with the simultaneous optimisation of two conflicting process characteristics governed by four process variables, an evolutionary-based hybrid optimisation approach is proposed. The method integrated gray relational analysis (GRA) for deriving the overall process performance index, response surface methodology (RSM) to analyse the significance and variation process variables and genetic algorithm (GA) to derive the optimal values of the process variables which will give maximum process performance. The derived optimal machining conditions were confirmed through validation machining experiments. [Submitted 15 August 2017; Accepted 16 March 2018]

Keywords: multi-response optimisation; gray relational analysis; GRA; response surface methodology; RSM; genetic algorithms; self propelled rotary turning; surface roughness; metal removal rate; MRR.

DOI: 10.1504/IJMR.2019.096760

International Journal of Manufacturing Research, 2019 Vol.14 No.1, pp.82 - 99

Received: 15 Aug 2017
Accepted: 16 Mar 2018

Published online: 10 Dec 2018 *

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