Authors: Bahaa Elboshy; Mona Gamaleldin; Hany Ayad
Addresses: Environmental Engineering Department, Egypt-Japan University of Science and Technology (E-JUST), Egypt ' Environmental Engineering Department, Egypt-Japan University of Science and Technology (E-JUST), Egypt ' Faculty of Engineering, Architectural Department, Alexandria University, Egypt
Abstract: Natural hazards are likely to increase in frequency and magnitude owing to climate change and urbanisation. Therefore, disaster risk management (DRM) and related issues have recently come to the fore and become an essential need. The Hyogo framework for action (HFA) noted the importance of ensuring that the disaster risk reduction (DRR) is considered a national and local priority as well through the assessment and monitoring of the DRM. This paper aims at presenting an adequate method to evaluate the DRM system to form a comprehensive view of its strengths and weaknesses. In this regard, a framework is presented to assess the national DRM through a quantitative method for evaluating its efficiency criteria. In order to do that, a set of indicators is established to evaluate these criteria. Egyptian DRM is evaluated using the proposed framework to identify the weaknesses associated with the current system and the challenges facing it.
Keywords: disaster risk management; DRM; coping capacity; natural hazards; institutional vulnerability; Egypt.
International Journal of Risk Assessment and Management, 2019 Vol.22 No.1, pp.63 - 88
Accepted: 22 May 2018
Published online: 25 Oct 2018 *