Title: Task, relationship and work overload stress orientations of Russian and Dutch working adults: does gender make a difference?

Authors: Lam D. Nguyen; Natalia Ermasova

Addresses: Zeigler College of Business, Bloomsburg University of Pennsylvania, 400 East Second Street, Bloomsburg, PA 17815, USA ' Politics, Criminal Justice and Public Administration Faculty, Governors State University, C-3340 1 University Parkway, University Park, IL 60484, USA

Abstract: The purpose of this paper is to investigate the task, relationship and work overload stress orientations of working adults in the high-context cultures of Russia and in the low-context cultures of the Netherlands based on gender. Totally, 438 respondents including 230 Russians and 208 Dutch participants completed Northouse's (2007) style questionnaire and the overload stress inventory survey. Two-way ANOVA methodology is used for hypotheses testing in this research. Gender is a significant factor on the relationship-oriented style but not on the task-oriented style as well as work overload stress perceptions of these respondents. Russian working adults perceived more work overload stress than their Dutch counterparts. The national culture and demographic differences impose constraints on the work overload stress perception of working adults in the Netherlands and Russia. Researchers and scholars can benefit from this study as it provides more empirical results in understanding the impact of gender and cultural factors.

Keywords: gender; leadership; relationships; Russian; stress perception; tasks; the Netherlands; work life balance; cross-culture management.

DOI: 10.1504/IJBEM.2018.095711

International Journal of Business and Emerging Markets, 2018 Vol.10 No.4, pp.341 - 359

Received: 29 Jan 2018
Accepted: 28 Jul 2018

Published online: 17 Oct 2018 *

Full-text access for editors Full-text access for subscribers Purchase this article Comment on this article