Title: Main drivers of economic growth: a sectoral approach to GDP growth in Egypt

Authors: Heba Y. Hashem; Heidi Aly; Sarah Mansour

Addresses: Department of Economics, Faculty of Economics and Political Science, Cairo University, Giza, 12613, Egypt ' Department of Economics, Faculty of Economics and Political Science, Cairo University, Giza, 12613, Egypt ' Department of Economics, Faculty of Economics and Political Science, Cairo University, Giza, 12613, Egypt

Abstract: The increasing attention of the Government of Egypt, since the 2011 revolution, to achieve sustainable and inclusive growth has given a renewed stimulus to research on economic growth from a sectoral perspective. In this paper, we investigate the main sectors that drive economic growth in Egypt in various time periods by adopting an econometric modelling strategy. In particular, we attempt to answer the following questions: what are the sectors that led economic growth in Egypt during the high-growth period? Were these sectors resilient to shocks? What are therefore the sectors of high priority that policy makers should direct efforts to in order to achieve sustainable inclusive high growth rates? The findings of the regression model reveal a significant role for both the manufacturing and the agriculture sector in promoting economic growth, with a 1% increase in the output of the manufacturing sector being capable of increasing GDP by 0.17%, while, the same increase in the output of the agriculture sector resulting in an increase in GDP by 0.15%.

Keywords: Egypt; economic growth; sectoral analysis; growth scenarios; econometric modelling; linear regression.

DOI: 10.1504/IJEBR.2018.095344

International Journal of Economics and Business Research, 2018 Vol.16 No.4, pp.487 - 501

Received: 03 Oct 2017
Accepted: 21 Nov 2017

Published online: 13 Sep 2018 *

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