Title: The impact of entrepreneurship framework conditions in total early-stage entrepreneurship activity: an international approach

Authors: Carla Sampaio; Aldina Correia; Vítor Braga; Alexandra Maria Braga

Addresses: School of Technology and Management, Institute Polytechnic of Porto, CIICESI, Rua do Curral, 4610-156 Felgueiras, Portugal ' School of Technology and Management, Institute Polytechnic of Porto, CIICESI, Rua do Curral, 4610-156 Felgueiras, Portugal ' School of Technology and Management, Institute Polytechnic of Porto, CIICESI, Rua do Curral, 4610-156 Felgueiras, Portugal ' School of Technology and Management, Institute Polytechnic of Porto, CIICESI, Rua do Curral, 4610-156 Felgueiras, Portugal

Abstract: The original global entrepreneurship monitor model predicts that the business activity at the national level varies with the general national framework conditions, while entrepreneurial activity varies with the entrepreneurial framework conditions (Reynolds et al., 2005). The aim of the national expert survey is to provide a general diagnostic approach to the entrepreneurship institutions that can be applied to any territorial level: as nation, region, city or others. It selects a representative sample of experts and asks them to make valuations on the target territory, using questionnaires. The global entrepreneurship monitor also provides the total early-stage entrepreneurship activity for the studied countries which is the percent of working age population both about to start an entrepreneurial activity, and that have started one from a maximum of three years and half. Therefore, this paper examines data collected from the Global Entrepreneurship Monitor 2011 National Expert Survey Global Individual Level Data in order to assess the impact of the environmental variables on entrepreneurship. Results show that the variables entrepreneurial level of education at vocational, professional, college and university, research and development level of transference, physical infrastructures and services access and cultural, social norms and society support, have more impact in the total early-stage entrepreneurship activity.

Keywords: global entrepreneurship monitor; national expert survey; entrepreneurship; entrepreneurship framework conditions; total early-stage entrepreneurship activity; linear regression; confirmatory factorial analysis.

DOI: 10.1504/IJKBD.2018.094899

International Journal of Knowledge-Based Development, 2018 Vol.9 No.3, pp.244 - 260

Available online: 19 Sep 2018 *

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