Title: Mesoporous carbon materials for supercapacitors prepared by the pyrolysis of polymers

Authors: N.F. Uvarov; Yu.G. Mateyshina; Yu.S. Lyshko

Addresses: Institute of Solid State Chemistry and Mechanochemistry of the Siberian Branch of the Russian Academy of Sciences, Kutateladze st. 18, Novosibirsk 630128, Russia; Novosibirsk State Technical University, Prospekt Marksa, 20, Novosibirsk, 630073, Russia ' Institute of Solid State Chemistry and Mechanochemistry of the Siberian Branch of the Russian Academy of Sciences, Kutateladze st. 18, Novosibirsk 630128, Russia ' Novosibirsk State Technical University, Prospekt Marksa, 20, Novosibirsk, 630073, Russia

Abstract: Mesoporous carbon materials were prepared in the presence of triblock copolymer Pluronic F127 as a template agent from phenol formaldehyde and resorcinol resins by pyrolysis and activation at 900°C. These samples have a specific morphology, i.e., mainly consist of globular particles 2-5 nm in size with curved graphene-like walls. The samples have high specific surface areas and demonstrate high capacities. The high capacity values are caused not only by a high surface area but also by the easy accessibility of mesopores and an additional contribution of pseudocapacitance due to the presence of electrochemically active surface groups.

Keywords: carbon materials; phenol- and resorcinol-formaldehyde resins; polymer precursors; template synthesis; carbon materials for supercapacitors; double layer capacitance; mesopores.

DOI: 10.1504/IJNT.2018.094796

International Journal of Nanotechnology, 2018 Vol.15 No.4/5, pp.394 - 401

Received: 08 May 2021
Accepted: 12 May 2021

Published online: 10 Sep 2018 *

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