Title: Marine renewable energy: opportunities and challenges for community development in coastal area of Indonesia
Authors: Agung Iswadi; Alan Owen; Leuserina Garniati; Jito Sugardjito
Addresses: Centre for Sustainable Energy and Resources Management, Universitas Nasional, Pasar Minggu, Jakarta 12520, Indonesia; Department of Mechanical Engineering, Faculty of Engineering and Science, Universitas Nasional, Pasar Minggu, Jakarta 12520, Indonesia ' Heriot Watt University, Edinburgh, Scotland, UK; SEATIS Ltd. Aberdeen, Scotland AB51 0NY, UK ' International Centre for Island Technology, Heriot Watt University, Edinburgh, Block 1/Old Academy Business Centre/Back Rd, Stromness KW16 3AW, Orkney, Scotland, UK; Centre for Sustainable Energy and Resources Management, Universitas Nasional, Pasar Minggu, Jakarta 12520, Indonesia ' Centre for Sustainable Energy and Resources Management, Universitas Nasional, Pasar Minggu, Jakarta 12520, Indonesia
Abstract: Coastal community profiles are usually seen as a dilemmatic condition between poor population - with unequal energy provision and traditional livelihoods to meet daily needs - and specific areas with substantial marine resources potential. One of the immediate and significant challenges confronted by coastal communities in Indonesia related to food security and direct economic productivity is access to energy. Marine renewable energy provides opportunities and challenges, not only for national energy production from renewable sources, but also for community development in coastal areas. Three case studies have been performed in three different coastal communities in order to capture actual information regarding coastal community profiles and needs. The investigations in Aceh, West Nusa Tenggara and West Papua found that marine renewable energy could become part of sustainable solutions to promote coastal community development. One of the socio-economic impacts that could be beneficial at community level is job creation that would support regional and national GDP of Indonesia. Therefore, Indonesia should be able to face identified challenges in developing marine energy sector in order to strengthen its position in the ASEAN economic community.
Keywords: marine renewable energy; MRE; community development; socio-economic; coastal area; Indonesia.
International Journal of Services Technology and Management, 2018 Vol.24 No.5/6, pp.522 - 544
Received: 12 Oct 2016
Accepted: 25 May 2017
Published online: 25 Jul 2018 *