Authors: Junqing Zhu; Shad Sargand; Roger Green; Issam Khoury
Addresses: Department of Civil Engineering, Ohio University, 102 Stocker Center, Athens, OH 45701, USA ' Department of Civil Engineering, Ohio University, 208 Stocker Center, Athens, OH 45701, USA ' Accelerated Pavement Load Facility, Department of Civil Engineering, Ohio University, Lancaster, OH 43130, USA ' Department of Civil Engineering, Ohio University, 222 Stocker Center, Athens, OH 45701, USA
Abstract: This paper presents the results and findings from a forensic investigation initiated in 2014 to identify the causes of premature failures on an unbonded concrete overlay (UBCO) on Interstate 70 in Madison County, Ohio. This project was constructed in 1999 and 2000. Premature distress, including transverse cracking, corner breaks and slab settlement began to appear in 2008. Falling weight deflectometer (FWD) and distress survey data were collected from the field during the investigation. MIT Scan was used to evaluate dowel alignment. Concrete samples were taken from the field and tested in the laboratory. HIPERPAV was used to evaluate early behaviour of the Portland cement concrete (PCC). Results of finite element analysis was used to help understand the mechanisms responsible for the premature distresses. Key findings include: sections with thicker bondbreaker delayed distress formation; and lack of drainage led to the presence of water in the joints, which contributed to distress.
Keywords: UBCO; unbonded concrete overlay; forensic investigation; pavement performance; pavement distress; finite element; FWD; falling weight deflectometer; HIPERPAV; rigid pavement.
International Journal of Forensic Engineering, 2018 Vol.4 No.1, pp.1 - 19
Received: 29 Apr 2017
Accepted: 09 Jul 2017
Published online: 13 Aug 2018 *