Title: Enhancing university-industry linkages potentials and limitations of government policies

Authors: Dirk Meissner; Mario Cervantes; Jan Kratzer

Addresses: National Research University Higher School of Economics, Institute for Statistical Studies and Economics of Knowledge, Myasnitskaya Street, 20, 101000, Moscow, Russia ' Organisation for Economic Cooperation and Development, 2, rue André Pascal, 75775 Paris Cedex 16, France ' Technische Universitaet Berlin, Sekr. H 7176, Fachgebiet EIM, Straße des 17. Juni 135, 10623 Berlin, Germany; National Research University Higher School of Economics, Institute for Statistical Studies and Economics of Knowledge, Myasnitskaya Street, 20, 101000, Moscow, Russia

Abstract: Developing policies for enhancing the productivity of university-industry linkages has been a central issue on the political agenda for decades. However, as reality shows there are pro and cons of any policy applied. In this study, we explore these policies based on the 'triple helix' (government-industry-university) and knowledge triangle (research-teachinginnovation) models and with a strong focus on the regional, country-specific and institutional context. In conclusion, our exploration suggests that first the 'optimal' shape of university-industry linkages portfolios takes account of different country, region and institution specific features by setting different incentives and funding principles at the respective level. Second, policies should use appropriate metrics to measure the performance of these linkages. Third, a precondition is a multi-level governance arrangement between ministries, higher education institutions, local and regional governments must define the respective roles of stakeholders. And finally, input of regional business leaders with a long term commitment to the region might be an important factor.

Keywords: industry-science relationships; university-industry linkages; innovation policies; entrepreneurial university; knowledge triangle.

DOI: 10.1504/IJTM.2018.093944

International Journal of Technology Management, 2018 Vol.78 No.1/2, pp.147 - 162

Received: 24 Jul 2017
Accepted: 17 May 2018

Published online: 09 Aug 2018 *

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