Title: Universal assurances in the public interest: evaluating the economic viability of basic income and job guarantees
Authors: Pavlina R. Tcherneva
Addresses: Center for Full Employment and Price Stability, Economics Department, University of Missouri-Kansas City, 5100 Rockhill Road, Kansas City, MO 64110, USA
Abstract: This article evaluates the strategies of guaranteeing unconditional basic income against those of guaranteeing employment. It is argued that, moral justifications notwithstanding, an open-ended commitment to either policy requires a clear grasp of its macroeconomic effects and institutional aspects. The tax-driven approach to money (also known as |modern money|) reveals that, while government funding for either proposal is not |operationally| constrained, it produces disparate economic outcomes, depending on the program design of the universal guarantee. A modern money critique of the basic income proposal demonstrates that, in a monetary production economy, the unconditional supply of the monetary unit is inherently inflationary. By contrast, job guarantees can provide an important safety net by simultaneously stabilising prices. Additionally, job guarantees offer an institutional vehicle for achieving other social goals that are important to all advocates of universal assurances. The paper concludes that, to provide for all members of society, a joint policy option is necessary and outlines the broad contours of such a policy.
Keywords: modern money; price stability; hyperinflation; inflation; basic income guarantee; employer of last resort; job guarantees; employment guarantees.
International Journal of Environment, Workplace and Employment, 2006 Vol.2 No.1, pp.69 - 88
Published online: 22 Mar 2006 *Full-text access for editors Full-text access for subscribers Purchase this article Comment on this article