Title: Antecedents of export performance in emerging economies: the case of Turkey

Authors: Murat Parlakgul; Nisan Selekler-Goksen

Addresses: Turk Eximbank Genel Mudurluk, Saray Mah, Ahmet Tevfik Ileri Cad. No. 19, 34768 Istanbul, Turkey ' Department of International Trade, Bogazici University, 34342 Istanbul, Turkey

Abstract: This study investigates the antecedents of export performance in the context of an emerging economy, Turkey, from the perspective of the resource-based view of the firm. Managerial characteristics of education and international experience, and organisational characteristics of size, age, business group affiliation, export credit agency (ECA) supports and technological capacity are conceptualised as resources a firm can utilise to build sustainable competitive advantages and attain superior export performance. The sample involves 72 textile and apparel firms. Data have been collected from archival sources and through a survey, and analysed by using logistic regression. Findings of the study show that manager's international experience, ECA supports and R&D spending (one of the facets of technological capacity) are significant resources for improving export performance in the context of emerging economies.

Keywords: export performance; export intensity; antecedents of export performance; export credit agencies; ECAs; business group affiliation; emerging economies; Turkey; resource-based view; textile and apparel industry.

DOI: 10.1504/IJBG.2018.093578

International Journal of Business and Globalisation, 2018 Vol.20 No.4, pp.437 - 456

Received: 28 Jan 2017
Accepted: 06 Feb 2017

Published online: 30 Jul 2018 *

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