Title: In situ nanofibrillar reinforced biodegradable composites based on thermoplastic poly (vinyl alcohol)/poly (lactic acid)

Authors: Zheng Guo; Yuerong Ba; Dong Liu; Wei Pan

Addresses: School of Textiles, Zhongyuan University of Technology, No. 41 Zhongyuan Rd., Zhengzhou, Henan 450007, China; Textile and Industry Collaborative Innovation of Henan, No. 1 Huaihe Rd., Xinzheng, Henan 451191, China ' School of Materials and Chemical Engineering, No. 41 Zhongyuan Rd., Zhengzhou, Henan 450007, China; Textile and Industry Collaborative Innovation of Henan, No. 1 Huaihe Rd., Xinzheng, Henan 451191, China ' School of Materials and Chemical Engineering, No. 41 Zhongyuan Rd., Zhengzhou, Henan 450007, China; Textile and Industry Collaborative Innovation of Henan, No. 1 Huaihe Rd., Xinzheng, Henan 451191, China ' School of Materials and Chemical Engineering, No. 41 Zhongyuan Rd., Zhengzhou, Henan 450007, China; Research Institute of Textile and Garment Industry, No. 41 Zhongyuan Rd., Zhengzhou, Henan 450007, China

Abstract: In situ nanofibrillar reinforced blends with thermoplastic poly (vinyl alcohol) (TPVA) as matrix and poly (lactic acid) (PLA) as dispersed fibrils were successfully prepared by a simple extrusion-stretching process. The microstructure and mechanical properties of the melt-processed TPVA/PLA composites were characterised by Fourier transform infrared spectra, thermal gravimetric analysis, scanning electron microscopy and tensile tests. The results indicated that there are hydrogen bonding between TPVA and PLA which enhance PLA dispersion as well as the interfacial adhesion with TPVA matrix. PLA content was varied from 10 to 30 wt. % resulting in reinforced TPVA matrices with fibrils of 78~150 nm. Compared with TPVA, TPVA/PLA composites exhibit remarkable improvement in mechanical properties and thermal stability.

Keywords: thermoplastic poly (vinyl alcohol); TPVA; poly (lactic acid); PLA; nanofibrillar blend; hydrogen bonding.

DOI: 10.1504/IJNM.2018.093480

International Journal of Nanomanufacturing, 2018 Vol.14 No.3, pp.291 - 300

Received: 23 Apr 2017
Accepted: 26 Oct 2017

Published online: 11 Jul 2018 *

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