Title: Innovating by doing: promoting on-the-job experimentation through a climate for innovation

Authors: Marcel Bogers

Addresses: Unit for Innovation, Entrepreneurship and Management, Department of Food and Resource Economics, University of Copenhagen, Rolighedsvej 25, 1958 Frederiksberg C, Denmark

Abstract: Firms' innovation performance and productivity depend on engaging the entire organisation in the innovation process. Going beyond the typical focus on R&D, the focus of this article is on engaging those employees who are active in 'productive' activities in innovation. This article explores how a firm can create an environment in which those employees can build on their local needs and knowledge to learn and innovate through a process of experimentation and problem solving during 'on-the-job' activities. I draw on innovation, creativity and organisational climate research to explore the determinants and effects of such innovative behaviour. I develop a theoretical framework of how organisational practices affect employees' willingness and ability to experiment - a behavioural integral to innovation. I furthermore argue that the relationship between such 'climate for innovation' and the ultimate performance is inverse U-shaped. The framework implies that managers can turn the entire organisation into an innovation lab but they need to balance the tension between productive and innovative practices.

Keywords: corporate entrepreneurship; user firm; experimentation; innovation; intrapreneurship; learning; organisational climate; performance; production floor; productivity.

DOI: 10.1504/IJEV.2018.093233

International Journal of Entrepreneurial Venturing, 2018 Vol.10 No.3, pp.362 - 382

Received: 25 Sep 2014
Accepted: 27 Jun 2015

Published online: 28 Jun 2018 *

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