Title: Numerical simulation of a cinema fire based on FDS

Authors: Zhian Huang; Yaru Meng; Rui Yang; Yukun Gao; Zhang Yinghua; Shuyi Wang

Addresses: State Key Laboratory of High-Efficient Mining and Safety of Metal Mines, University of Science and Technology Beijing, Ministry of Education, 10083, Beijing, China; Work Safety Key Lab on Prevention and Control of Gas and Roof Disasters for Southern Coal Mines, Hunan University of Science and Technology, 411201, Xiangtan, China ' State Key Laboratory of Fire Science, University of Science and Technology of China, 230041, Hefei, China ' State Key Laboratory of High-Efficient Mining and Safety of Metal Mines, University of Science and Technology Beijing, Ministry of Education, 10083, Beijing, China ' State Key Laboratory of High-Efficient Mining and Safety of Metal Mines, University of Science and Technology Beijing, Ministry of Education, 10083, Beijing, China ' State Key Laboratory of High-Efficient Mining and Safety of Metal Mines, University of Science and Technology Beijing, Ministry of Education, 10083, Beijing, China ' State Key Laboratory of High-Efficient Mining and Safety of Metal Mines, University of Science and Technology Beijing, Ministry of Education, 10083, Beijing, China

Abstract: In this paper, large-scale fire dynamics simulator (FDS) model software was used to simulate a cinema fire. The reliability of the simulation results was verified by comparison with relevant research results and some fire precaution measures were put forward. Based on the physical fire model of 1:1, full-scale simulation of a cinema fire was carried out. By studying the flue gas, temperature and variation law of the CO concentration during the fire, it is found that the mechanical air-intake damages the stratification of smoke and air in the burning room to a certain extent. The lower air in the theatre is mixed with the upper high-temperature flue gas so that the temperature of lower air is higher than that of upper air. Meanwhile, the mechanical air-intake enhances the reducing speed of visibility. The results of this research provide a reference for the fire protection design of cinemas.

Keywords: cinema; fire dynamics simulator; FDS; evacuation time; numerical simulation.

DOI: 10.1504/IJSPM.2018.093093

International Journal of Simulation and Process Modelling, 2018 Vol.13 No.3, pp.200 - 209

Received: 05 May 2017
Accepted: 16 Oct 2017

Published online: 09 Jul 2018 *

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