Title: Direct and indirect effect of ethical leadership on employee behaviours in higher education

Authors: M. Sait Dinc

Addresses: Department of Management, International Burch University, Francuske Revolucije bb, 71210, Sarajevo, Bosnia and Herzegovina

Abstract: The main purpose of this study is to examine the direct and indirect relationships among ethical leadership, ethical climate types, facets of job satisfaction, organisational commitment components and dimensions of organisational citizenship behaviour of 515 employees working at public and private universities in Bosnia and Herzegovina. The Structural Equation Modelling results of the study demonstrated that 'law and code' and 'caring' types of ethical climate, 'overall job satisfaction' and 'normative' and 'affective commitment' were found to mediate the latter relationship. Ethical leadership was also a highly important predictor of the 'caring' and 'law and code' types of ethical climate and 'normative commitment'. 'Caring' climate was found to be a highly significant predictor of 'normative commitment'. Moreover, while 'caring' climate was shown to be an important predictor of 'overall job satisfaction' and 'affective commitment', 'overall job satisfaction' was shown to have a significant influence on 'altruism' organisational citizenship behaviour.

Keywords: ethical leadership; ethical climate; ethical climate types; job satisfaction; facets of job satisfaction; organisational commitment; organisational commitment components; organisational citizenship behaviour; dimensions of organisational citizenship behaviour; structural equation modelling; public and private universities; Bosnia and Herzegovina.

DOI: 10.1504/IJMIE.2018.092853

International Journal of Management in Education, 2018 Vol.12 No.3, pp.201 - 222

Received: 13 Jun 2017
Accepted: 16 Aug 2017

Published online: 01 Jul 2018 *

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