Authors: Celina Kuhn; Kátia R.A. Nunes
Addresses: Technische Universität Darmstadt, Institute IWAR, Franziska-Braun-Str. 7, 64287 Darmstadt, Germany ' COPPE – Civil Engineering Program, Federal University of Rio de Janeiro, Centro de Tecnologia Bloco B, Sala 101, Cidade Universitária, Rio de Janeiro, RJ, Brazil
Abstract: The recycling of end-of-life-vehicles (ELVs) involves different processes generally in several locations, connecting different companies. In 2015 a new EU legislation introduced for ELVs recycling and recovery rates of 85% and 95%, respectively. In the same year Germany presented for ELVs a recycling rate of 87.7% and a recovery rate of 95.8%. Nevertheless, significant information about German ELV recycling are aggregated. Regional differences, logistics among recycling facilities and potentials for improvement are not disclosed. Within a context of reducing global warming, the objectives of this research are: a) verifying the current situation of ELVs in two districts located in Germany; b) proposing alternatives for the reduction of CO2 emissions. The results show significant CO2 emission savings can be achieved with the optimization of logistics. This research can support local authorities, recycling companies and environmental organizations to look for possibilities of reducing environmental impacts with ELVs in their regions.
Keywords: end-of-life-vehicle; ELV; recycling; CO2 emissions; circular economy; Germany.
International Journal of Environment and Waste Management, 2018 Vol.21 No.2/3, pp.120 - 140
Available online: 21 Jun 2018 *Full-text access for editors Access for subscribers Purchase this article Comment on this article