Title: Re-examination of an improved Euro index under different market conditions

Authors: Musa Essayyad; Omar Al-Titi

Addresses: Department of Accounting, Finance, and Economics, College of Business, McNeese State University, Lake Charles, LA 70609, USA ' Department of Finance and Economics, College of Industrial Management, King Fahd University of Petroleum and Minerals, Dhahran, 31261, Saudi Arabia

Abstract: This paper updates Essayyad et al. (2011) research using multivariate tests to identify the most objective financial and economic factors that would improve the construction of the Euro index in order to improve measurement of movements in the currency markets. The data covers the expanded period from June 1999 to June 2015. The difference in the results of 2011 and 2016 studies can be attributed to the changes in the values of economic and financial variables due to economic/market collapse, natural disasters including droughts, escalating cost associated with the entanglement of the West in regional wars, and the subsequent recession that prevailed in the member countries of Organization for Economic Cooperation and Development (OECD). The aforementioned factors and the persistent increase in national debt have affected the exchange rate of the Euro.

Keywords: Euro index; principal components; international finance; international trade.

DOI: 10.1504/IJMEF.2018.092379

International Journal of Monetary Economics and Finance, 2018 Vol.11 No.2, pp.95 - 109

Received: 18 Jan 2016
Accepted: 08 May 2016

Published online: 03 Jun 2018 *

Full-text access for editors Access for subscribers Purchase this article Comment on this article