Title: A hybrid Phillips curve and consumer confidence: the case of Brazil

Authors: Thiago Henrique Carneiro Rios Lopes; Cleiton Silva De Jesus; Miguel Angel Rivera-Castro

Addresses: University of Salvador, Salvador-BA, CEP: 40301-155, Brazil ' Department of Applied Social Sciences, State University of Feira de Santana, Feira de Santana-BA, CEP: 44036-900, Brazil ' Post Graduate Programme in Management – PPGA, University of Salvador, Salvador-BA, CEP: 40301-155, Brazil

Abstract: The main aim of this paper is to verify the determinants of Brazilian inflation using a hybrid Phillips curve. Its innovation is in its incorporation of consumer confidence and by combining this with the unemployment rate as an explanatory variable in the empirical Phillips curve. The main results show that: (i) the effect of unemployment in reducing inflation occurs when the level of consumer confidence is below 125 and (ii) the level of consumer confidence is negatively influenced by both nominal exchange rate and unemployment shocks. This means that increasing unemployment does not necessarily reduce inflation. The unemployment rate needs to be high enough to reduce consumer confidence to the specific level at which a recessive policy can produce the expected effects.

Keywords: Phillips curve; inflation; unemployment; consumer confidence.

DOI: 10.1504/IJMEF.2018.092353

International Journal of Monetary Economics and Finance, 2018 Vol.11 No.2, pp.163 - 176

Received: 27 Jun 2016
Accepted: 04 Nov 2016

Published online: 03 Jun 2018 *

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