Title: Effects of titanium-based additive with blends of butanol and diesel fuel on engine characteristics

Authors: Abdulkadir Yaşar; Ali Keskin; Şafak Yıldızhan; Erinç Uludamar; Kasım Ocakoğlu

Addresses: Ceyhan Engineering Faculty, Mechanical Engineering Department, Çukurova University, 01190, Adana, Turkey ' Engineering and Architecture Faculty, Automotive Engineering Department, Çukurova University, 01330, Adana, Turkey ' Engineering and Architecture Faculty, Automotive Engineering Department, Çukurova University, 01330, Adana, Turkey ' Faculty of Engineering and Natural Sciences, Automotive Engineering Department, Adana Science and Technology University, 01330, Adana, Turkey ' Tarsus Technology Faculty, Energy Engineering Department, Mersin University, 33480, Tarsus, Turkey

Abstract: In this study, the effects of metal titanium dioxide and butanol additives on engine performance, combustion, emissions, vibration and noise characteristics were investigated experimentally. The experiments were conducted at various partial load conditions with diesel engine having variable compression ratio. Engine was fuelled with diesel fuel and butanol-diesel blends with titanium dioxide (TiO2)-based additive. The results revealed that the properties of the blend fuels with the additive did not change significantly compared to diesel fuel. Specific fuel consumption (SFC) values of the engine were improved with increment of alcohol ratio, especially at higher engine loads. Carbon monoxide (CO) and particulate matter emission values with blend fuels decreased up to 36.17% and 36.53%, respectively. Nitrogen oxide emission increased at low engine loads. Of all test fuels, engine noise and vibration values of B5T25 and B5T50 usually decreased, whereas those values of the other test fuels increased.

Keywords: diesel; additive; titanium dioxide; butonal; combustion; engine performance; NOx; CO; smoke; noise; vibration.

DOI: 10.1504/IJGW.2018.091950

International Journal of Global Warming, 2018 Vol.15 No.1, pp.38 - 53

Available online: 18 May 2018 *

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