Title: A scale proposal for higher education creativity in the classroom

Authors: Leandro Januário De Souza; Ana Luisa Dal Belo Carneiro Leão; Viviane Celina Carmona; Roberto Lima Ruas; Julio Araujo Carneiro-da-Cunha; Vânia Maria Jorge Nassif

Addresses: Deceased; formerly of: Nove de Julho University (UNINOVE), Brazil ' Department of Management, Nove de Julho University (UNINOVE), Água Branca. São Paulo, 05001-100, Brazil ' Department of Management, Nove de Julho University (UNINOVE), Água Branca. São Paulo, 05001-100, Brazil ' Department of Management, Nove de Julho University (UNINOVE), Água Branca. São Paulo, 05001-100, Brazil ' Department of Management, Nove de Julho University (UNINOVE), Água Branca. São Paulo, 05001-100, Brazil ' Department of Management, Nove de Julho University (UNINOVE), Água Branca. São Paulo, 05001-100, Brazil

Abstract: Education with creativity is one that uses approaches to make the learning process more interesting. Considering the existence of scales designed to measure creativity in the classroom, our concern was to identify the reliability and validity of a proposed scale called the perceived creativity scale in the classroom (PCSC). We conducted a survey with tourism students in a private, higher education institution in Brazil. The responses were submitted for exploratory factor analysis (EFA) and calculation with Cronbach's alpha. The new scale emerged with three constructs: a teacher's ability to teach creatively, the student's attitude towards the creative teaching-learning process and the creative student's self-evaluation. The reliability test of the constructs indicated satisfactory levels in the teacher's ability to teach creatively and the creative student's self-evaluation. However, the construct about the student's attitude to the creative teaching-learning process presented the unsatisfactory index. Nevertheless, the scale can be considered adequate to measure the perceived creativity in the classroom.

Keywords: creativity in the classroom; perceived creativity scale in the classroom; PCSC; exploratory factor analysis; EFA.

DOI: 10.1504/IJBIR.2018.091917

International Journal of Business Innovation and Research, 2018 Vol.16 No.2, pp.208 - 226

Received: 03 Feb 2016
Accepted: 14 Jan 2017

Published online: 20 May 2018 *

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