Authors: M. Faeid M. Zabid; Norhaslinda Zainal Abidin; Shri-Dewi Applanaidu
Addresses: School of Quantitative Sciences, College of Arts and Sciences, Universiti Utara Malaysia, 06010 Sintok, Kedah, Malaysia ' School of Quantitative Sciences, College of Arts and Sciences, Universiti Utara Malaysia, 06010 Sintok, Kedah, Malaysia ' School of Economics, Finance and Banking, College of Business, Universiti Utara Malaysia, 06010 Sintok, Kedah, Malaysia
Abstract: Malaysia is one of the largest producers and exporters of palm oil in the world market. However, it is difficult to retain Malaysia's status as one of the biggest palm oil producers in the world with the current stagnating fresh fruit bunch (FFB) yield. The source of this problem may have come from the accumulation of ageing oil palm plantations which can be tackled through effective replanting plans. This study thus develops a system dynamics model of the oil palm plantation sector in Malaysia to understand its behaviour towards currently implemented policies. Several simulations have been performed to test various scenarios of policy interventions with the objective to reduce the accumulation of ageing area and subsequently increasing the FFB yield. The findings suggest that apart from improving the policies like promoting replanting and expanding the implementation of good agricultural practices, the most important thing is to have high commitment from planters, especially the independent smallholders, to participating in the replanting campaign.
Keywords: system dynamics; oil palm plantation; replanting; fresh fruit bunch yield; policies; Malaysia.
International Journal of Simulation and Process Modelling, 2018 Vol.13 No.2, pp.167 - 178
Received: 01 Mar 2017
Accepted: 12 Sep 2017
Published online: 14 May 2018 *