Title: Experimental and numerical investigation of full scale impact test on fibre-reinforced plastic sandwich structure for automotive crashworthiness

Authors: D. Lukaszewicz; L. Blok; J. Kratz; C. Ward; C. Kassapoglou

Addresses: BMW Group, Research and Innovation Centre, Knorrstrasse 147, 80788, Munich, Germany ' BMW Group, Research and Innovation Centre, Knorrstrasse 147, 80788, Munich, Germany ' ACCIS, University of Bristol, Queen's Building, University Walk, BS8 1TR, Bristol, UK ' ACCIS, University of Bristol, Queen's Building, University Walk, BS8 1TR, Bristol, UK ' Faculty of Aerospace Engineering, Delft University of Technology, Kluyverweg 1, 2629 HS Delft, The Netherlands

Abstract: In this work, the application of fibre reinforced plastic (FRP) sandwich structures, with a particular focus on aramid fibre tufted sandwiches is being studied for automotive crashworthiness during edgewise impact using impact testing and numerical simulation. This work uses prior coupon data for scaling into a subsystem of a vehicle floor. A novel manufacturing process where Kevlar tufting is inserted through the dry preforms and the core is introduced. Subsystem testing then demonstrates the scalability of the sandwich system into a floor assembly. The specimen exhibits crushing with significant energy absorption. Numerical modelling is then used to validate the test result and demonstrate the simulation capability. Using commercial finite element software (Abaqus) with composite crushing add-in (CZone), the crushing of the sandwich and facesheets can be simulated with good agreement with the test results.

Keywords: sandwich; testing; crashworthiness; axial impact and tufting.

DOI: 10.1504/IJAUTOC.2017.091428

International Journal of Automotive Composites, 2017 Vol.3 No.2/3/4, pp.339 - 353

Available online: 20 Apr 2018 *

Full-text access for editors Access for subscribers Purchase this article Comment on this article