Title: Draw rate management system using mathematical programming in extraction sequence optimisation of block cave mining
Authors: Farshad Nezhadshahmohammad; Hamid Aghababaei; Yashar Pourrahimian
Addresses: Faculty of Mining Engineering, Sahand University of Technology, Tabriz, 51335-1996, Iran ' Faculty of Mining Engineering, Sahand University of Technology, Tabriz, 51335-1996, Iran ' School of Mining and Petroleum Engineering, Department of Civil and Environmental Engineering, 6-243 Donadeo Innovation Centre for Engineering, Edmonton, Alberta, T6G 1H9, Canada
Abstract: Planning of caving operations poses complexities in different areas such as safety, ground control and production scheduling. Draw control is fundamental to the success of block-cave operation. Although some complex theories and mathematical draw control systems have been applied in block-cave mines, most of them did not have an exact production rate curve (PRC) to manage draw rates of drawpoints and are too complex to provide a solution for real block-caving mines. This paper presents a mixed-integer linear programming (MILP) model to optimise the extraction sequence of drawpoints over multiple time horizons of block-cave mines with respect to the draw control systems. Four draw rate strategies are formulated to guarantee practical solutions. Furthermore, dilution and caving are improved indirectly, because the method considers the draw rate strategy. Application and comparison of the four models for production scheduling based on draw control systems are presented using 298 drawpoints over 15 periods.
Keywords: block-cave mine; PRC; production rate curve; draw rate; mathematical formulation; MILP; mixed-integer linear programming.
International Journal of Mining and Mineral Engineering, 2018 Vol.9 No.1, pp.32 - 53
Available online: 10 Apr 2018 *Full-text access for editors Access for subscribers Free access Comment on this article