Title: Virtual rollover tests

Authors: Meghan Henty Hoskins, Moustafa El-Gindy

Addresses: Bioengineering Department, The Pennsylvania State University, 205 Hallowell Building, University Park, PA 16802, USA. ' Vehicle Dynamics and Simulatio Research Centre, Applied Research Laboratory, The Pennsylvania State University, 201 Transportatio Research Building, University Park, PA 16802, USA

Abstract: A simulation of an FMVSS 208 rollover dolly test of a generic pickup truck model was performed using PAM-CRASH. Data from published real-world rollover dolly tests of large passenger cars were used to validate the simulations. The pickup truck model used in the simulation had properties similar to that of the cars used by other researchers in their rollover tests. The initial conditions input into the simulation were similar to actual vehicles subjected to FMVSS 208 rollover dolly tests. The vehicle dynamic responses during the rollovers and the simulation were analysed; the results were compared with published test data, namely rotational velocity, energy loss, vertical and horizontal acceleration, velocity and displacement of vehicle centre of gravity.

Keywords: crash testing; finite element analysis; FMVSS 208; PAM-CRASH; Federal Motor Vehicle Safety Standards; pickup truck; rollover; intelligent vehicle systems; heavy vehicles.

DOI: 10.1504/IJHVS.2006.009120

International Journal of Heavy Vehicle Systems, 2006 Vol.13 No.1/2, pp.107 - 124

Published online: 02 Mar 2006 *

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