Title: The response of oil market to US monetary policy surprises

Authors: Tarek Chebbi

Addresses: Faculty of Economic Sciences and Management of Sousse, University of Sousse, Cité Riadh, Sousse 4023, Tunisia

Abstract: The impact of monetary policy surprises from the USA on volatility of oil returns are examined over a period of instability from January 5, 2004 through December 31, 2008. Following Kuttner (2001), I use the change in the one-day current-month futures rate at a given date to measure monetary policy news. Using EGARCH model, my results suggest that these shocks are an important driver of the oil market. I find that the volatility reacts in a statistically significant and economically relevant fashion to surprise changes in the target rate. The estimated effect on the volatility is positive. Moreover, I show that the daily changes in federal funds futures rates don't have any role in the dynamics of oil volatility during the sample period. Finally, I also show that all model parameters to be highly significant with higher volatility persistence.

Keywords: federal open market committee; FOMC; US monetary policy surprises; oil returns; conditional variance; EGARCH.

DOI: 10.1504/IJEPEE.2018.091043

International Journal of Economic Policy in Emerging Economies, 2018 Vol.11 No.1/2, pp.159 - 168

Received: 28 Jan 2016
Accepted: 22 Aug 2016

Published online: 09 Apr 2018 *

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