Title: The equilibrium model of dual channel closed-loop supply chain network based on carbon trading and carbon tax

Authors: Chunfang Guo; Xiaojing Li; Hongjie Lan

Addresses: School of Economics and Management, Beijing Jiaotong University, Beijing, 100044, China ' School of Economics and Management, Beijing Jiaotong University, Beijing, 100044, China ' School of Economics and Management, Beijing Jiaotong University, Beijing, 100044, China

Abstract: In this paper, on the basis that carbon trading and carbon tax are brought into the category of the carbon management, an equilibrium model of a dual channel closed-loop supply chain network is developed. Many decision-makers and their independent behaviours are fully processed based on the variational inequality theory and Lagrange duality theory. Based on the above analysis, a finite-dimensional variational inequality formulation is established. Besides, qualitative properties of the equilibrium model and a modified projection algorithm are given.

Keywords: dual channel; carbon trading; carbon tax; closed-loop supply chain network.

DOI: 10.1504/IJIMS.2018.090576

International Journal of Internet Manufacturing and Services, 2018 Vol.5 No.1, pp.1 - 21

Received: 22 Mar 2017
Accepted: 22 Jan 2018

Published online: 19 Mar 2018 *

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