Title: Assessing the potential of mesoporous MCM-41 nanoparticles for treatment of phenolic wastewater

Authors: Dhananjay Naidu; Namita Panigrahi; Jyoti Mishra; Naresh K. Sahoo

Addresses: Department of Chemistry, Environmental Science and Technology Program, Institute of Technical Education and Research, Siksha'O'Anusandhan University, Bhubaneswar 751 030, Odisha, India ' Department of Chemistry, Environmental Science and Technology Program, Institute of Technical Education and Research, Siksha'O'Anusandhan University, Bhubaneswar 751 030, Odisha, India ' Department of Chemistry, Environmental Science and Technology Program, Institute of Technical Education and Research, Siksha'O'Anusandhan University, Bhubaneswar 751 030, Odisha, India ' Department of Chemistry, Environmental Science and Technology Program, Institute of Technical Education and Research, Siksha'O'Anusandhan University, Bhubaneswar 751 030, Odisha, India

Abstract: In the present study, a highly mesoporous MCM-41 nano-adsorbent was synthesised, characterised using FTIR, SEM, EDS and XRD analysis and applied for treatment of phenolic wastewater. In order to enhance the phenol adsorption efficiency, adsorption parameters, such as pH, MCM-41 dosage and initial phenol concentration was optimised by employing central composite design (CCD) and response surface methodology (RSM). Result revealed that pH and adsorbent dose were found to have significant influence on phenol adsorption on to MCM-41. Further, among these significant factors adsorbent dose showed a large positive effect and pH showed strong negative effect on the phenol removal efficiency. Further, it was observed that interaction effect between pH and phenol dose had significant effects on phenol removal efficiency from the synthetic wastewater. At an optimum combination of pH 5.2, phenol dose 132 mgl−1 and 2.6 gl−1 of MCM-41 more than 99% phenol adsorption along with 96% of toxicity removal was achieved. Thus, mesoporous MCM-41 can be potentially employed for the treatment of industrial wastewater contaminated with phenol.

Keywords: adsorption; MCM-41; phenol; response surface methodology; RSM; interaction effect; optimisation.

DOI: 10.1504/IJNBM.2017.090130

International Journal of Nano and Biomaterials, 2017 Vol.7 No.2, pp.124 - 139

Available online: 22 Feb 2018 *

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