Title: Machining of hardened AISI H-13 steel using minimum quantity eco-friendly cutting fluid
Authors: Kishor Kumar Gajrani; Dhanna Ram; Mamilla Ravi Sankar; Uday Shanker Dixit; P.S. Suvin; Satish Vasu Kailas
Addresses: Department of Mechanical Engineering, Indian Institute of Technology Guwahati, Guwahati, 781039, India ' Department of Mechanical Engineering, Sardar Vallabhbhai National Institute of Technology, Surat, 395007, India ' Department of Mechanical Engineering, Indian Institute of Technology Guwahati, Guwahati, 781039, India ' Department of Mechanical Engineering, Indian Institute of Technology Guwahati, Guwahati, 781039, India ' Centre for Product Design and Manufacturing, Indian Institute of Science Bangalore, Karnataka, 560012, India ' Department of Mechanical Engineering, Indian Institute of Science Bangalore, Karnataka, 560012, India
Abstract: Conventionally, cutting fluids are applied in the form of flood to improve machining performance and tool life. However, the use of cutting fluid has detrimental effect in the form of environmental pollution and occupational health hazard. Researchers are trying to develop alternate methodologies to reduce or eliminate cutting fluids during machining. In this study, indigenously developed eco-friendly green cutting fluid (GCF) is used with minimum quantity cutting fluid (MQCF) technique during machining of hardened AISI H-13 steel. Cutting force, feed force and centre line average (CLA) surface roughness were measured at different cutting conditions. Performance of MQCF was compared with flood coolant using GCF and dry machining. The morphology of the rake face of the tool was examined with optical microscope and scanning electron microscope. Cutting force, feed force, coefficient of friction and CLA surface roughness was reduced with MQCF using GCF as compared to flood coolant and dry machining.
Keywords: green cutting fluid; GCF; hard machining; minimum quantity cutting fluid; MQCF; mist; hardened AISI H-13 steel; tool-chip contact length; minimum quantity lubrication; turning; surface roughness; cutting tool.
International Journal of Additive and Subtractive Materials Manufacturing, 2017 Vol.1 No.3/4, pp.240 - 256
Received: 31 Mar 2017
Accepted: 29 Sep 2017
Published online: 25 Feb 2018 *