Title: Size controllable synthesis of hard carbon spheres from aqueous D-glucose

Authors: Guanggui Cheng; Joseph Cremaldi; Jianning Ding; Yang Su; Yueheng Zhang; Noshir S. Pesika; Ying Wang

Addresses: Research Center of Micro/Nano Science and Technology, Jiangsu University, Zhenjiang 212013, China; Department of Chemical and Biomolecular Engineering, Tulane University, New Orleans, LA 70118, USA; Jiangsu Collaborative Innovation Center of Photovolatic Science and Engineering, Changzhou University, Changzhou 213164, China ' Department of Chemical and Biomolecular Engineering, Tulane University, New Orleans, LA 70118, USA ' Research Center of Micro/Nano Science and Technology, Jiangsu University, Zhenjiang 212013, China; Jiangsu Collaborative Innovation Center of Photovolatic Science and Engineering, Changzhou University, Changzhou 213164, China ' Department of Chemical and Biomolecular Engineering, Tulane University, New Orleans, LA 70118, USA ' Department of Chemical and Biomolecular Engineering, Tulane University, New Orleans, LA 70118, USA ' Department of Chemical and Biomolecular Engineering, Tulane University, New Orleans, LA 70118, USA ' Department of Chemical and Biomolecular Engineering, Tulane University, New Orleans, LA 70118, USA; Jiangsu Collaborative Innovation Center of Photovolatic Science and Engineering, Changzhou University, Changzhou 213164, China

Abstract: Carbon particles (CPs) with regular spherical shape have intensive potential applications. Carbon spheres (CSs) with controllable sizes from 90 to 490 nm were prepared by hydrothermal process. The effects of hydrothermal parameters namely, concentration of glucose (0.1~0.9 mol/L), reaction temperature (170°C~190°C) and reaction time (1~6 hr) on both size and dispersity of CSs were investigated. The surface groups of CSs were tested by FTIR. Hard carbon spheres (HCSs) were prepared by carbonising CSs in tube furnace at 1,000°C for 10 hours under inert argon atmosphere. XRD and SEM were employed to determine the structure and morphologies of these HCSs. The functions between the particle size and the reaction parameters were fitted and analysed based on carefully calibrations of the HCSs. It is established that the size of the HCSs increases exponentially with reaction temperature and time, but almost lineally with concentration. The results provide a route to controllably synthesise the carbon spheres in an array of sizes and dispersity by adjusting parameters.

Keywords: hard carbon spheres; HCSs; hydrothermal method; hydrothermal parameters; monodispersity; carbon material; structure.

DOI: 10.1504/IJMSI.2017.089658

International Journal of Materials and Structural Integrity, 2017 Vol.11 No.4, pp.213 - 228

Available online: 30 Jan 2018

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