Title: New industrial platforms and radical technology foresight: the case of 3D printing in Finland and Europe

Authors: Jari Kaivo-oja; Toni Ahlqvist; Osmo Kuusi; Risto Linturi; Steffen Roth

Addresses: Turku School of Economics, Rehtorinpellonkatu 3, 20500 Turku, Finland ' Geography Research Unit, P.O. Box 3000, FI-90014 University of Oulu, Finland ' Aalto University, What Futures Inc., Untamontie 3 C 19 00650 Helsinki, Finland ' Sovelto Plc, Ratapihantie 11, 00520 Helsinki, Finland ' La Rochelle Business School, 102 Rue de Coureilles, 17000 La Rochelle, France

Abstract: This article presents futures oriented analyses of 3D printing, which are based on technology foresight study performed in Finland in 2013. The methodological framework of the Finnish technology foresight study is shortly introduced and explained in this article. The analysis reflects current discussion about 3D printing technology options in Finland, as is reflected in report of Linturi et al. (2013, 2014). The analyses of 3D printing provided in this article are also linked to broader international and European context. TechCast study (Halal, 2013) and FutMan scenarios of JRC (Geyer et al., 2003a, 2003b) are elaborated. The analyses reveal several emerging aspects and bottlenecks of 3D printing and new industrial revolution. The emerging aspects are related to the rise of new technological possibilities and new production processes. The bottlenecks include issues such as lacking capacities and competencies of industrial actors in adopting new technological solutions, uncertainties in the efficiency and performance of 3D printing solutions, problematic of wider societal transition, and potential risks potentially generated by 3D printing systems and technologies.

Keywords: 3D printing; manufacturing; industrial scenarios; technology foresight; radical technological solutions; innovation policy; innovation management.

DOI: 10.1504/IJMTM.2018.089464

International Journal of Manufacturing Technology and Management, 2018 Vol.32 No.1, pp.65 - 84

Accepted: 27 Sep 2015
Published online: 26 Jan 2018 *

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