Authors: Els Verstrynge; Dionys Van Gemert
Addresses: Building Materials and Building Technology Division, Civil Engineering Department, KU Leuven, 3001 Heverlee, Belgium ' Building Materials and Building Technology Division, Civil Engineering Department, KU Leuven, 3001 Heverlee, Belgium
Abstract: The collapse of several historical masonry towers has been attributed to gradually increasing mechanical damage, such as creep cracking which occurs under constant stress levels. This paper reviews theoretical, experimental and numerical methods for analysing compressive creep in historical masonry. The investigations focus on creep behaviour in ferruginous sandstone, as results are applied to understand the collapse of two historical towers in Belgium that were both constructed in local sandstone. At the level of the material, cracking, creep strains and acoustic emissions are studied in small-to-medium scale sandstone samples under dry and saturated conditions. Results indicate an acceleration of the degradation process when water absorption takes place during the secondary creep phase. At the structural level, numerical macro modelling is performed to investigate the effect of stress redistributions on creep behaviour of three-leaf masonry. Finally, experimental and numerical results are related to the collapse of two historical towers.
Keywords: historical masonry; creep; time-dependent damage; experimental research; numerical modelling; micro-focus computed tomography; microCT; acoustic emission; three-leaf masonry; case studies.
International Journal of Masonry Research and Innovation, 2018 Vol.3 No.1, pp.50 - 71
Available online: 19 Dec 2017 *Full-text access for editors Access for subscribers Free access Comment on this article