Title: Quantum information exchange protocol associated with the quantum cloud

Authors: Xiaoqing Tan; Xiaoqian Zhang

Addresses: Department of Mathematics, Jinan University, Guangzhou 510632, China ' Department of Mathematics, Jinan University, Guangzhou 510632, China

Abstract: Quantum cryptography discusses the security of quantum information. Cloud computing has emerged as a computational paradigm and an alternative to the conventional computing. Cloud security is associated with cloud computing. In this paper, we define the new concept about quantum cloud and discuss the security of quantum information exchange in quantum internet. A tripartite simultaneous quantum information exchange protocol associated with the quantum cloud based on entanglement swapping and Bell states is proposed. The proposed secure quantum information exchange protocol can resist intercept-and-resend attack, intercept-and-measure attack, intercept-and-entangle auxiliary attack and denial-of-service attack. It can also be generalised to N-party case that is feasible and efficient.

Keywords: cloud computing; quantum cloud; quantum information exchange; intercept-and-resend attack; intercept-and-measure attack; denial-of-service attack; intercept-and-entangle auxiliary attack.

DOI: 10.1504/IJICT.2018.089019

International Journal of Information and Communication Technology, 2018 Vol.12 No.1/2, pp.1 - 15

Available online: 08 Nov 2017 *

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