Title: Performance evaluation of linear and nonlinear models for the estimation of reference evapotranspiration

Authors: Mustafa Goodarzi; Saeid Eslamian

Addresses: Agricultural Engineering Research Department, Markazi Agricultural and Natural Resources Research and Education Center, AREEO, Arak, Iran ' Department of Water Engineering, College of Agriculture, Isfahan University of Technology, Isfahan, 84156-83111 Iran

Abstract: In this study, the performance of linear and nonlinear models for the estimation of reference evapotranspiration was examined. To evaluate the performance of nonlinear models, we used the radial basis function (RBF) neural networks and genetic programming (GP), and the multiple linear regression (MLR) method was used for linear models. Using these three methods, monthly evapotranspiration was calculated for Isfahan region in a 26-year period. Comparison of the results for nonlinear and linear models showed that the GP3 model by the coefficient of determination of 0.99 and root mean square error (RMSE) of 0.21, has the best performance among the studied models. Instead, the RBF model training speed is higher than the GP model. Furthermore, the results showed that the MLR model has good performance in estimating evapotranspiration and there is no significant difference between the accuracy of the MLR and RBF method, but the accuracy of GP model is better than the RBF and MLR models. The results showed that the reference evapotranspiration could be estimated with high accuracy by both linear and nonlinear models for the study area.

Keywords: reference evapotranspiration; artificial neural networks; ANNs; genetic programming multiple linear regression; Penman-Monteith.

DOI: 10.1504/IJHST.2018.088651

International Journal of Hydrology Science and Technology, 2018 Vol.8 No.1, pp.1 - 15

Received: 02 Mar 2016
Accepted: 18 Mar 2016

Published online: 11 Dec 2017 *

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