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Title: A review on characteristics, advantages and limitations of palm oil biofuel

Authors: Md. Iqbal Mahmud; Haeng Muk Cho

Addresses: Department of Textile Engineering, Mawlana Bhashani Science and Technology University, Santosh-1902, Tangail, Bangladesh ' Division of Mechanical and Automotive Engineering, Kongju National University, 275, Budae-dong, Cheonan-si, Chungcheongnam-do 331-717, South Korea

Abstract: Consumption and use of natural resources is a high concerning issue in modern days. Increase in fuel price, limited resources of fossil oil and great concerns on environmental matters has led the researchers and scientists to concerted and escalating research and development efforts in search of renewable and environmental friendly alternative energy sources. In this connection, recent strong demand for renewable fuels has resulted in increased production of biofuels worldwide for solving transportation fuel problems. Currently, biofuels from palm oil is being established as a great source of alternative fuel. Palm oil can be used to produce biodiesel, which is also known as palm oil methyl ester. Palm oil biodiesel is often blended with other fuels to create palm oil biodiesel blends. This paper highlights on biofuel/biodiesel production from palm oil, use, advantages and limitations.

Keywords: palm oil; biofuel; biodiesel; emission; transesterification; green house gas; GHG; energy balance; crude palm oil; CPO; vegetable oil; palm kernel oil; PKO.

DOI: 10.1504/IJGW.2018.088646

International Journal of Global Warming, 2018 Vol.14 No.1, pp.81 - 96

Available online: 06 Dec 2017 *

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