Title: Identification of a dynamical model for phytoplankton bloom based on high frequency measurements

Authors: Hafiz Ahmed; Rosane Ushirobira; Denis Efimov; Wilfrid Perruquetti

Addresses: School of Mechanical, Aerospace and Automotive Engineering, Coventry University, CV1 5FB, UK ' Inria, Non-A Team, Villeneuve-d'Ascq, France ' Inria, Non-A Team, Villeneuve-d'Ascq, France; CRIStAL (UMR CNRS 9189), Villeneuve-d'Ascq, France ' Inria, Non-A Team, Villeneuve-d'Ascq, France; CRIStAL (UMR CNRS 9189), Ecole Centrale de Lille, Villeneuve-d'Ascq, France

Abstract: High frequency measurements of various water characteristics and nutrients information of the Marel-Carnot sea monitoring station (Boulogne-sur-Mer, France) have been used to identify a physiological model for phytoplankton bloom through the fluorescence signal. An auto-regressive-moving-average with exogenous inputs (ARMAX) model is designed and tested based on the dataset. The model takes into account the effect of the measured water characteristics and nutrient level information. Through this study, it is demonstrated that the developed dynamical model can be used for estimating the fluorescence level (which characterises the phytoplankton biomass) and for predicting the various states of phytoplankton bloom. Thus, the developed model can be used for monitoring phytoplankton biomass in the water which in turn might give information about an unbalanced ecosystem or change in water quality.

Keywords: model identification; phytoplankton bloom; ARMAX model.

DOI: 10.1504/IJEP.2017.088191

International Journal of Environment and Pollution, 2017 Vol.62 No.1, pp.74 - 86

Available online: 23 Nov 2017 *

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