Title: A new fast motion estimation algorithm using adaptive size diamond pattern search with early search termination

Authors: Shaifali Madan Arora; Navin Rajpal; Ravindra Kumar Purwar

Addresses: USICT, Guru Gobind Singh Indra Prastha University, Dwarka, Sector 16 C, New Delhi, 110078, India; Electronics and Communications Engineering Department, Maharaja Surajmal Institute of Technology Janakpuri, New Delhi, 110015, India ' Guru Gobind Singh Indra Prastha University, Dwarka, Sector 16 C, New Delhi, 110078, India ' Guru Gobind Singh Indra Prastha University, Dwarka, Sector 16 C, New Delhi, 110078, India

Abstract: In this paper, a new dynamic zero motion prejudgment (ZMP) with adaptive diamond pattern search-based algorithm is suggested to enhance the search efficiency and accuracy of motion estimation (ME) in video coding. Firstly, a dynamic ZMP technique is proposed for early identification of the stationary blocks. For non-stationary blocks, a new initial search centre prediction technique is suggested. This new search centre has high probability to be near actual MV. Its distortion is compared against a dynamically predicted threshold to check if this location could be the position of actual MV. If so, search is terminated thereafter, otherwise a variable size diamond pattern is suggested to swiftly attain the global minima. Experimental results show 95% to 99% speed gain of proposed algorithm with only 0.007-0.7 dB PSNR and 0.0001-0.0073 SSIM degradation over full search. Also, the proposed algorithm shows very promising results over other fixed and dynamic search algorithms.

Keywords: fast motion estimation; early search termination; dynamic search pattern; stationary block detection; block matching.

DOI: 10.1504/IJCVR.2017.087736

International Journal of Computational Vision and Robotics, 2017 Vol.7 No.6, pp.623 - 643

Received: 27 May 2015
Accepted: 03 Sep 2015

Published online: 24 Jul 2017 *

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