Title: Mechanical properties and chemical reaction of 3-aminopropyltriethoxysilane of polypropylene, recycle acrylonitrile butadiene rubber and sugarcane bagasse composites

Authors: Mustaffa Zainal; Ragunathan Santiagoo; Afizah Ayob; Wan Azani Mustaffa

Addresses: School of Environmental Engineering, Universiti Malaysia Perlis, Pusat pengajian Jejawi 3, 02600 Arau, Perlis, Malaysia ' School of Environmental Engineering, Universiti Malaysia Perlis, Pusat pengajian Jejawi 3, 02600 Arau, Perlis, Malaysia ' School of Environmental Engineering, Universiti Malaysia Perlis, Pusat pengajian Jejawi 3, 02600 Arau, Perlis, Malaysia ' School of Engineering Technology, Kampus Sg. Chuchuh, Universiti Malaysia Perlis, 02100 Padang Besar, Perlis, Malaysia

Abstract: The mechanical and chemical properties of sugarcane bagasse (SCB) treated with 3-aminopropyltriethoxysilane (3-APS) filled polypropylene (PP)/recycled acrylonitrile butadiene rubber (NBRr) bio-composites were aim and investigated. The composites with different SCB loading from 5 wt.% to 30 wt.% were prepared using heated two-roll mill by melt mixing at temperature of 180°C. Tensile properties of composites which is tensile strength, Young Modulus and elongation at break were investigated. Increasing of treated SCB filler loading in composites have increased the Young modulus, however, decreased the tensile strength and elongation at break of the composites. The chemical properties and morphology of composites were investigated using Fourier transform infra-red analysis. These findings were supported by micrograph diagram from the morphological study. SCB filler treated with 3-APS has improved the adhesion and gave strong interfacial bonding between SCB filler and PP/NBRr matrices which results in good tensile strength of composites.

Keywords: mechanical properties; chemical reaction; 3-APS; 3-aminopropyltriethoxysilane; FTIR; Fourier transform infra-red analysis; polypropylene; PP; acrylonitrile butadiene rubber; SCB; sugarcane bagasse; composite.

DOI: 10.1504/IJMMP.2017.087676

International Journal of Microstructure and Materials Properties, 2017 Vol.12 No.1/2, pp.55 - 65

Available online: 25 Oct 2017 *

Full-text access for editors Access for subscribers Purchase this article Comment on this article