Title: Public procurement of electric vehicles as a way to support a market: examples from Sweden

Authors: Jenny Palm; Fredrik Backman

Addresses: International Institute for Industrial Environmental Economics (IIIEE), Lund University, Box 196, SE-221 00, Lund, Sweden ' Department of Thematic Studies – Technology and Social Change, Linköping University, SE-581 83 Linköping, Sweden

Abstract: Electric vehicles (EVs) are increasingly seen as a desirable sustainable solution for the transport sector, and public procurement is often highlighted as one tool to stimulate a market. In this paper, we analyse the role of Swedish municipalities in relation to public procurement and especially whether and in such cases how municipalities in Sweden use public procurement as an instrument to enhance a market for EVs. The strategy in both municipalities was to let the municipal organisations act as role models, create buying power and develop a second-hand market for EVs. The strategy to speed up diffusion within the municipal organisation was through information and test-driving and in dialogue with the administration solve problems that arise. A potential improvement of the diffusion process would be to find ways to share the extra cost of an EV.

Keywords: EV; electrical vehicle; public procurement; sustainable public procurement; municipalities; barriers; Sweden.

DOI: 10.1504/IJEHV.2017.087587

International Journal of Electric and Hybrid Vehicles, 2017 Vol.9 No.3, pp.253 - 268

Available online: 18 Oct 2017 *

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