Title: Load balanced routing scheme for MANETs with power and delay optimisation

Authors: Mamata Rath; Bibudhendu Pati; Binod Kumar Pattanayak; Chhabi Rani Panigrahi; Joy Lal Sarkar

Addresses: Department of Information Technology, C.V. Raman College of Engineering, Odisha, India ' Department of Computer Science and Engineering, C.V. Raman College of Engineering, Odisha, India ' Department of Computer Science and Engineering, Siksha 'O' Anusandhan University, Odisha, India ' Department of Computer Science and Engineering, C.V. Raman College of Engineering, Odisha, India ' Department of Computer Science and Engineering, C.V. Raman College of Engineering, Odisha, India

Abstract: Innovative research on mobile ad hoc networks (MANETs) and their wide applications have created a revolution of today's wireless communication. Efficient routing for dynamically changing network and unstable wireless medium is a challenging task. The conventional AODV routing protocol works on selecting the hop count-based shortest path while delivering the packet towards the destination. This often creates uneven load distribution among network nodes. As a result, any central node hopelessly carries heavier loads that significantly deplete node energy with higher packet loss and delay in processing. In this work, a protocol based on power and delay named as power and delay optimised AODV (PDO-AODV) has been presented which is based on load balanced routing strategy in AODV that improves the quality of service for MANETs. The proposed approach takes neighbouring node's power and delay into consideration for selecting load balanced path. Simulation results manifest that the proposed PDO-AODV achieves improved performance as compared to existing AODV routing protocol in terms of packet drop, network delay, throughput, and retransmission attempts.

Keywords: load balancing; mobile ad hoc network; MANET; delay; power; packet delivery ratio; PDR.

DOI: 10.1504/IJCNDS.2017.087386

International Journal of Communication Networks and Distributed Systems, 2017 Vol.19 No.4, pp.394 - 405

Received: 11 Mar 2016
Accepted: 27 Jul 2016

Published online: 25 Sep 2017 *

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