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Title: An analytical force and surface roughness model for cylindrical grinding of brittle materials

Authors: Ali Zahedi; Bahman Azarhoushang

Addresses: Institute for Precision Machining (KSF), Furtwangen University of Applied Sciences, Jakob-Kienzle-Strasse 17, D-78054 Villingen-Schwenningen, Germany ' Institute for Precision Machining (KSF), Furtwangen University of Applied Sciences, Jakob-Kienzle-Strasse 17, D-78054 Villingen-Schwenningen, Germany

Abstract: In this paper, an analytical approach is proposed for the modelling of ground surface and grinding forces in cylindrical grinding of ceramic materials. The model incorporates the near-actual distribution of cutting grains over the grinding wheel surface and a kinematic approach for the engagement of the grains with the workpiece surface per grinding parameters and conditions. To interpret the stochastic engagement of arbitrary grains with the workpiece, and to distinguish the dominant material removal mechanism, fracture mechanics of single-grain indentation is applied. The approach based on the fracture mechanics accounts for grain size and geometry and material properties. The results of a previously performed research on single-grain scratch tests are taken for interpreting force and workpiece surface characteristics. Without losing generality, the model was applied to a cylindrical plunge grinding of an alumina ceramic. The experiments show qualitative agreement of model predictions with the experimental force and ground workpiece topography.

Keywords: cylindrical grinding; brittle ceramics; alumina; kinematic modelling; indentation mechanics; surface roughness; grinding force; ductile grinding.

DOI: 10.1504/IJAT.2017.086805

International Journal of Abrasive Technology, 2017 Vol.8 No.1, pp.68 - 81

Received: 11 Mar 2017
Accepted: 14 Jun 2017

Published online: 22 Sep 2017 *

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