Title: Fishery poverty reduction in East Java: using sustainable livelihood approach

Authors: Andhika P. Herlambang; Agus Suman; Khusnul Ashar; Dwi Budi Santoso

Addresses: Faculty of Economics and Business, University of Brawijaya, Indonesia MT. Haryono Street, No. 165 Malang, East Java, Indonesia ' Faculty of Economics and Business, University of Brawijaya, Indonesia MT. Haryono Street, No. 165 Malang, East Java, Indonesia ' Faculty of Economics and Business, University of Brawijaya, Indonesia MT. Haryono Street, No. 165 Malang, East Java, Indonesia ' Faculty of Economics and Business, University of Brawijaya, Indonesia MT. Haryono Street, No. 165 Malang, East Java, Indonesia

Abstract: The low capacity and lack of power make fisherman household fell under poverty cycle. Therefore, the main objective of this study is to find out strategy(ies) in accelerating fisherman household poverty reduction in East Java. This study used quantitative method along with the concept of sustainable livelihood approach (SLA). By SLA, this study reveals six capital aspects of fisherman's household capacity. Based on these six aspects, fishermen can be divided into two types, i.e.; 1) the rich; 2) the poor fishermen, with the number of the poor are up to 77%. Whereas, the most crucial environmental problem in fishery lies on the trade system, which has the tendency of being controlled by middlemen. As a result, there are two strategies in poverty reduction, viz.: 1) the main strategy, in the form of institutional strengthening to optimise the role of fisherman (TPI); 2) the supporting strategy, in the form of housewife empowerment through fisheries product diversification.

Keywords: East Java fisheries; poverty; empowerment; middleman; sustainable livelihood approach; SLA.

DOI: 10.1504/IJEPEE.2017.086624

International Journal of Economic Policy in Emerging Economies, 2017 Vol.10 No.3, pp.282 - 294

Available online: 08 Sep 2017 *

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