Title: Adapting the measurement of youth entrepreneurship potential in a marginalised context: the case of Mindanao, Philippines

Authors: Cynthia Lai; Domenico Dentoni; Catherine Chan; Elma M. Neyra

Addresses: Department of Natural Resources and Environmental Management, University of Hawai'i at Mānoa, 1910 East West Road, Sherman 101, Honolulu, HI, 96822, USA ' Wageningen University and Research Centre, Hollandseweg 1, 6707 KN, Wageningen, The Netherlands ' Department of Natural Resources and Environmental Management, University of Hawai'i at Mānoa, 1910 East West Road, Sherman 101, Honolulu, HI, 96822, USA ' Community Education, Research and Extension Administration, Southern Christian College, Quezon Avenue, Midsayap, North Cotabato, 9410, Philippines

Abstract: Few studies have so far discussed how to measure youth entrepreneurship potential, a critical construct to enhance the success and performance outcomes of entrepreneurship education programs. This article investigates the adaptation of a measurement model of youth entrepreneurship potential, which a psychology strand of the extant entrepreneurship literature from the USA and Europe identified as characteristics of 'successful' future entrepreneurs. Two subsequent questionnaires were administered to measure youth entrepreneurship potential as part of an entrepreneurship education program in Mindanao, Philippines, a marginalised context. The first questionnaire had scales based on personality traits of autonomy, need for achievement, innovativeness and risk-taking propensity as per the extant literature, while the second had adapted scales to the local context. A confirmatory factor analysis tested the effectiveness of both measurement models. Results indicated that the locally adapted measurement model was more effective to assess youth entrepreneurship potential in the context of Mindanao, Philippines.

Keywords: entrepreneurship education program; entrepreneurship potential; confirmatory factor analysis; CFA; conflict region; Mindanao; Philippines; youth.

DOI: 10.1504/JIBED.2017.085509

Journal for International Business and Entrepreneurship Development, 2017 Vol.10 No.3, pp.273 - 297

Available online: 27 Jul 2017 *

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